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Functional Neurology

The usefulness of sLORETA in evaluating the effect of high-dose ARA-C on brain connectivity in patients with acute myeloid leukemia: an exploratory study

Original Article, 195 - 200
doi: 10.11138/FNeur/2017.32.4.195
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Abstract
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Cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) is one of the key drugs for treating acute myeloid leukemia (AML). High intravenous doses may produce a number of central nervous system (CNS) toxicities and contribute to modifications in brain functional connectivity. sLORETA is a software used for localizing brain electrical activity and functional connectivity. The aim of this study was to apply sLORETA in the evaluation of possible effects of Ara-C on brain connectivity in patients with AML without CNS involvement.
We studied eight patients with AML; four were administered standard doses of Ara-C while the other four received high doses. sLORETA was computed from computerized EEG data before treatment and after six months of treatment. Three regions of interest, corresponding to specific combinations of Brodmann areas, were defined. In the patients receiving high-dose Ara-C, a statistically significant reduction in functional connectivity was observed in the fronto-parietal network, which literature data suggest is involved in attentional processes.
Our data highlight the possibility of using novel techniques to study potential CNS toxicity of cancer therapy.

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