Features indicative of cervical abnormality.
Original Article, 195 - 203Tag this article
The current criteria for cervicogenic headache (CEH) contain an anamnestic and a physical examination part. The latter consists of: 1) range of motion in the cervical spine (1+); 2) mechanical precipitation of head pain (uppermost score: 1.5+). These two factors are included in "Features indicative of cervical abnormality", outlined in the present context, with a view to possibly facilitating CEH diagnosis. These "features" have a wider scope, containing not only the two original factors (1 and 2), but also three additional factors ? their relative contribution to the totality also given in parentheses: 3) facet joint tenderness (0.5+); 4) neck muscle tenderness (0.5+); and 5) skin-roll test (1.0+). The sum of the solitary features is, accordingly, 4.5+. An extra 0.5+ can be added if there is extreme positivity of one of the factors, i.e., a maximum of 5.0+. This coarse system concerning cervical function has also been tested out in 1834 parishioners in the VÃƒÂ¥gÃƒÂ¥ study of headache epidemiology (irrespective of headache diagnoses). The mean number of features increased with increasing intensity of head pain (by a factor of almost 3). In headache-free individuals (n.=246), the mean was 0.42+, against a mean in the whole series of 0.79+. Reproducibility tests demonstrated relatively high consistency.